Cray Inc. builds on a affluent history that extends aback to 1972 back allegorical Seymour Cray, the allegorical “father of supercomputing,” founded Cray Research. R&D and accomplishment were based in his hometown of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin; business address were in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
The aboriginal Cray®-1 arrangement was installed at Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1976 and amount $8.8 million. It boasted a world-record acceleration of 160 actor floating-point operations per additional (160 megaflops) and an 8 MB (1 actor word) capital memory. The architectonics of the Cray-1 arrangement reflected its designer’s affection for bridging abstruse hurdles with advocate ideas. In adjustment to access the acceleration of this system, it was congenital with a different “C” appearance so the chip circuits could be placed afterpiece together. No wire in the arrangement was added than four anxiety long. To handle the acute calefaction the computer generated, Cray developed an avant-garde algidity arrangement appliance Freon.
Cray fabricated its aboriginal all-embracing addition in 1977, to the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, and aural two years had opened accessory offices in the U.K., Germany and Japan.
To apply his efforts on design, Seymour Cray larboard the CEO position in 1980 and became an absolute contractor. As he formed on the follow-on to the Cray-1, addition accumulation aural the aggregation developed the aboriginal multiprocessor supercomputer, the Cray X-MP™, which was alien in 1982. The Cray®-2 arrangement appeared in 1985, accouterment a tenfold access in achievement over the Cray-1.
In 1988, Cray Research alien the Cray Y-MP®, the world’s aboriginal supercomputer to sustain over 1 gigaflops on abounding applications. Multiple 333 megaflops processors powered the arrangement to a almanac abiding acceleration of 2.3 gigaflops.
Always a visionary, Seymour Cray had been exploring the use of gallium arsenide in creating a semiconductor faster than silicon. However, the costs and complexities of this actual fabricated it difficult for the aggregation to abutment development of both the Cray®-3 and the Cray C90™ supercomputers. In 1989, Cray Research spun off the Cray-3 activity into a abstracted company, Cray Computer Corporation, headed by Seymour Cray and based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Cray Research connected its all-embracing expansion, aperture subsidiaries in Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, South Korea, Spain and Switzerland.
The 1990s brought a cardinal of transforming contest to Cray Research. The aggregation connected its administration in accouterment the best able supercomputers for assembly applications. The Cray C90 system, alien in 1991, featured a new axial processor with industry-leading abiding achievement of 1 gigaflops. Appliance 16 of these able processors and 256 actor words of axial memory, the arrangement boasted incomparable absolute performance. The aggregation additionally produced its aboriginal “mini-supercomputer,” the Cray XMS™ system, followed by the Cray Y-MP EL™ alternation and the consecutive Cray J90™ system.
In 1993, Cray Research offered its aboriginal massively alongside processing (MPP) system, the Cray T3D™ supercomputer, and bound captured MPP bazaar administration from aboriginal MPP companies. Compared with aggressive MPP systems, the Cray T3D arrangement was awfully robust, reliable, sharable and accessible to administer.
Debuting in 1995, the almsman Cray T3E™ supercomputer was the world’s acknowledged MPP system. And the Cray T3E-1200E system, alien aloof four years afterwards Cray bankrupt the abiding gigaflops barrier, was the aboriginal supercomputer to sustain 1 abundance floating-point operations per second, or teraflops, on a real-world application.
In addition abstruse landmark, the Cray T90™ became the world’s aboriginal wireless supercomputer back it was apparent in 1994. Additionally alien that year, the Cray J90 alternation became the world’s best accepted supercomputer, with over 400 systems sold.
In Colorado Springs, Seymour Cray’s final endeavor, Cray Computer Corporation, bankrupt its doors in 1995 afterwards filing for bankruptcy. Seymour Cray died at the age of 71 from injuries suffered in an auto blow in September 1996.
Beyond above advances in supercomputing speed, the 1990s additionally brought business-related changes to Cray. In February 1996 Cray Research alloyed with Silicon Graphics, Inc. In August 1999, SGI created a abstracted Cray Research business assemblage to focus alone on the different requirements of high-end supercomputing customers. Assets of this business assemblage were awash to Tera Computer Company, based in Seattle, Washington, in March 2000. Two years earlier, Tera had alien the aboriginal multithreaded architectonics (MTA) systems.
After Tera acquired the Cray Research assay of SGI in 2000, the aggregation was renamed Cray Inc. (Nasdaq: CRAY).
Cray connected its abstruse administration with amplification into the apprenticeship market. In 2008 the University of Tennessee took commitment of a Cray® XT5-HE™ supercomputer, the aboriginal petaflops arrangement in academia. In 2009 a Cray® XT5™ arrangement at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was called the world’s fastest supercomputer by TOP500.org.
Well into its fifth decade, Cray continues to body on its backbone in aerial achievement accretion by acclamation the ever-growing demands of big abstracts assay and accumulator beyond a spectrum of users, from scientists and government labs to banking analysts and sports teams. We agglutinate supercomputing, accumulator and abstracts assay technologies, enabling barter to accomplish new discoveries, advance bigger articles and accomplish absolute impacts on the planet.
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